In this post, I would like to share a walkthrough of the Trick Machine from Hack the Box
This room will be considered an Easy machine on Hack The Box
What will you gain from the Trick machine?
For the user flag, you will need to exploit SQL Injection that allows bypassing some authentication which we can read files from the system. We can also obtain an SSH key by taking advantage LFI attack
As for the root flag, you need to abuse fail2ban
Information Gathering on Trick Machine
Once we have started the VPN connection which requires a download from Hackthebox, we can start information gathering on the machine by executing the command nmap -sC -sV -p- <IP Address> -PN
Let’s access the website interface
Nothing that we can look into the website itself
The website still didn’t show anything that can be used even though we add the host on the /etc/hosts
Let’s enumerate the website directory by using gobuster
We didn’t manage to see any directory that had been analyzed into
At this moment, I’ve stuck and cannot see any method for further escalation.
Let’s try to gather information by using the command above. However, we can sight two new subdomains
When accessing the website URL Address, we have been redirected to a login page. Sadly, we dont have any credentials that we can use over here.
Let’s try to enumerate it by using sqlmap. Therefore, let’s incept the packet using burpsuite and save it as login.req
There are two databases when i try to run the sqlmap command
As a result, let’s enumerate more on the payroll_db and found the tables as shown above
We have to retrieve the credentials that we can use later.
Let’s execute the command such as sqlmap -r login.req –file-read=/var/www/market/index.php
Finally, we managed to see the source code of the file
We also can obtain the information by using the curl command such as show above
Therefore, let’s grab the ssh private key using this method
This is weird! By default, we should be able to login into the machine via ssh service
My mistake! I mistype the username of the machine
We can read the user flag by typing the “cat user.txt” command
Escalate to Root Privileges Access
As usual, we need to find the binary SUID file to proceed to the next step.
Let’s see what file is been stored in the /etc/fail2ban/action.d directory
After a while, all the files inside the action.d went missing.
Let’s do some research on the fail2ban escalation method
We found some articles on the escalation method
Let’s execute the command above.
Next, we need to brute-force the ssh session by using hydra
After a while, we managed to get /bin/bash assigned to the SUID Binary
We can read the root flag by typing the “cat /root/root.txt” command